Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by inadequate secretion of insulin. Polyamine oxidase (PAO), a FAD-containing enzyme is involved in the biodegradation of Sp and Spd, catalyzing the oxidative deamination of Sp and Spd, resulting in production of amonia (NH 3 ), corresponding amino aldehydes and H 2 O 2
Malondialdehyde (MDA) and acrolein (CH2=CHCHO), potentially toxic agents, which induce oxidative stress in mammalian cells, are then spontaneously formed from aminoaldehydes. The main signs of oxidative stress in diabetic children were the values of HbA1c and MDA levels. Polyamines have an insulin-like action. Antiglycation property of spermine and spermidine has been recently confirmed. There are no data in the literature about plasma polyamine oxidase (PAO) activities in children with type 1 diabetes.
The idea of this study was to evaluate the polyamine metabolism through the estimation of polyamine oxidase activity. We have study children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus ( n = 35, age group of 5–16 years, as well as age-matched healthy control subjects ( n = 25). The biochemical investigations were done on diabetic children who have the pathological values of glucose (9.11–17.33 mmol/l) and glycosylated Hb (7.57–14.49% HbA 1c ). The children in the control group have referent values of glucose and glycated hemoglobin (4.11-5.84 mmol/L and HbA 1c 4.22-6.81% of the total Hb. Glucose levels in blood plasma and glycosylated hemoglobin in erythrocythes hemolysates (HbA1c) were measured by using standard laboratory methods. PAO activity in venous blood plasma and the amount of malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured by the spectrophotometric methods. PAO activity, glycemia, HbA1c and MDA were significantly increased in diabetic children compared to the control subjects. PAO activity in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus was very high. The findings of higher blood HbA 1C and MDA levels confirm the presence of oxidant stress in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and demonstrate that PAO activity may participate in these circumstances.