Factors that increase the blood glucose level slow/fast

Factors that increase the blood glucose level SLOW

1. Size of bites
The larger the bites one swallows the longer the time it takes to digest the pieces in the stomach and intestine. Larger pieces also cause the stomach to empty more slowly.
2. Gel-forming dietary fibers
A high fiber content (as in rye bread) gives a slower rise in blood glucose by slowing down the emptying rate of the stomach and binding glucose in the intestine.
3. Fat content
Fat in the food will retard the emptying of the stomach.
4. Cell structure
Beans, peas and lenses retain their cell structure even after cooking. Whole fruits give a slower blood glucose response than peeled fruits and juice.
5. Starch structure
Boiled and mashed potatoes give a quicker blood glucose response (as fast as ordinary sugar) while rice and pasta give a slower blood glucose response.

Factors that increase the blood glucose level FAST

1. Heating
Boiling and other types of heating will breakdown the starch in food.
2. Preparing the food
Polished rice will give a quicker rise in blood glucose than unpolished, mashed potatoes quicker than whole potatoes and grated carrots quicker than sliced. Wheat-flour gives a higher blood glucose response when baked to bread than when used for pasta.
3. Drinking with the food
Drinking with the meal causes the stomach to empty quicker. It is therefore best to only drink one glass along with the meal.
4. Glucose content
Extra sugar along with a meal can give a rise in the blood glucose level, but not as pronounced as formerly believed. Particle size and cell structure in different food compounds give them different blood glucose responses in spite of their containing the same amount of carbohydrates.
5. Salt content
Salt in the food increases the absorption of glucose into the blood stream.



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