Types of Insulin

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Lantus (Glarigine)

Long-acting analogue insulin glargine is a form of longer acting insulin. However, it is different from other insulins because it is the most slowly absorbed and therefore the effects of each dose last longer – around 24 hours in duration. It is taken only once a day. Plasma insulin levels typically reach a plateau at 3 hours and endures for 24 hours, with no pronounced peak.

Glargine may be taken once-daily at dinner, bedtime or breakfast – as long as it is taken at the same time every day.

Glargine is clear in appearance. If any sediment is found in the insulin, it should not be used and rather discarded.

Class

Product

Onset

Peak

Duration

Long acting analogue

Glargine

1-2 hr

no peak

24+ hrs

Levemir (Detemir)

Insulin detemir is a form of longer-acting insulin that is also slowly absorbed and therefore the effects of each dose lasts longer.

https://i2.wp.com/www.ezeediabetes.co.za/images/InsActionDetemir1.jpg https://i2.wp.com/www.ezeediabetes.co.za/images/InsActionDetemir2.jpg

Detemir is clear in appearance. If any sediment is found in the insulin, it should not be used and rather discarded.

Class

Product

Onset

Peak

Duration

Long acting analogue

Detemir

1-3 hr

2 – 12 hours
(mild, varies by dose)

Up to 24 hours
(varies by dose)

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